Small villages with towers and narrow roads, Mediterranean scrub, agaves, spectacular layers of limestone rock, caves and turquoise waters. The Cinque Terre, together with the islands of Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, National Park and Marine Protected Area. It is famous the Via dell’Amore, a path that connects the villages of Manarola and Riomaggiore, between the overhanging sea and the terraces cultivated with vines.
The dry-stone walls, supporting the terracing, have also become part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site since November 2018. The impervious and steep territory is known for the production of wines such as the “Sciacchetrà” and the “Cinque Terre”.
The area of the Cinque Terre stretches between Punta Mesco and Capo di Monte Negro beyond which kilometers of cliffs will lead directly to the entrance of Portovenere, recognizable by the preponderant figure of the church of San Pietro.
Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore were built around the 11th century. Until the 18th century Liguria was subjected to pirate attacks: the construction of towers and narrow roads – commonly named “carruggi” – ideal for the defense of the territory are now elements characterizing all the locations. Examples are the Aurora tower in Monterosso and the Castle in Vernazza, still in excellent condition.
The conformation of the coast of Cinque Terre does not allow the development of real ports. The typical fishing boats are still today as in the past put at sea and brought back up every day with the use of slides. During windy days or sea storms, it is particular to sight the boats secured in the alleys and in the small squares.
Another common characteristic of the area is the color palette, with its faint yellow, orange and intense red façades, the light or dark gray cliffs, the blue and turquoise water.
It is possible to move between the villages using the paths of the park, by train or by sea, therefore admiring them from different angles.
The beauty of this stretch of coast is now thoroughly preserved and protected by indiscriminate anthropization.