The Natural Park of Portofino, the northernmost protected area of the Western Mediterranean, shows some of the most mind-blowing and celebrated landscapes in the world. The Park includes the municipalities of Camogli, Santa Margherita Ligure, Portofino and, considering the contiguous area, also the municipality of Rapallo. Made up by giant conglomerate deposits overlaying limestone banks, the promontory features geomorphologic and microclimatic characteristics that, in a relatively small area, create extremely diverse environments.Here the fresh Apennine woods of the northern slope are only a short walk away to the sunny Mediterranean landscape and the steep cliffs. Just a few steps separate the different farming cultures associated with chestnut and olive groves, from the sea-related activities and traditional fishing. Protected since 1935, the Park hosts one of the largest floristic concentrations in the Mediterranean, a remarkable variety of birds and invertebrates, as well as an important historical and architectural heritage.
The Marine Protected Area of Portofino was established in 1999 to protect the seabed stretching out around the Promontory of Portofino.It is one of the smallest Italian MPAs, extending for 374 ha, but is certainly among the most spectacular in the Mediterranean, with one of the richest biodiversities.The coast morphology, almost everywhere very steep, has created an underwater environment characterized by the presence of crags and caves that favour the development of a rich benthic fauna. Among the colourful underwater organisms, the famous red coral and several species of gorgonian corals, including the violescent sea-whip, with its big fans.
Under water it’s also easy to spot beautiful fishes: groupers, sea breams, common dentexes and brown meagres welcome divers and snorkelers even in shallow waters.
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